All of our breeding dogs are carefully chosen from healthy, long lived lines with histories of health testing. If one of our dogs are not physically healthy or have an undesired temperment, they are not bred. If they do not pass their health testing, they are not bred. If one of our mother dogs does not recover quickley physically, or if they do not take to motherhood well, they are not bred again. Our male dogs have proven to throw healthy puppies, for not only us, but also others who have used them for stud service. There is a major problem in the country with dogs being brought to shelters because of health and temperment problems. We do our very best not to add to this problem. No breeder can guarantee every puppy will be perfect in both body and mind every time, but we sure can try to be as perfect as possible!